References and Selected Bibliography

By Asa Hilliard III

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Alba, Richard D. Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

Ani, Marimba. Yurugu: An African Centered Critique of European Thought and Behavior. New York: Africa World Press, 1994.

Barzun, Jacques. Race: A Study in Superstition. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1965.

Bell, Derrick. Faces at the Bottom of the Well: The Permanence of Racism. New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Bell, Derrick. Race, Racism and American Law. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1973.

Benedict, Ruth. Race, Science and Politics. New York: Viking Press, 1959.

Ben Jochannan, Yosef. Cultural Genocide in the Black and African Studies Curriculum. New York: Alkebu-Lan, 1972.

Bernal, Martin. Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: Volume I, The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985, 1987. See especially chapter 4, “Hostilities to Egypt in the 18th Century,” pp. 189-223.

Biddis, Michael D. Father of Racist Ideology: The Social and Political Thought of Count DeGobineau. New York: Weybright and Talley, 1970.

Blauner, Robert. Racial Oppression in America. New York: Harper and Rowe, 1972.

Carruthers, Jacob. “Science and Oppression.” In African Psychology in Historical Perspective and Related Commentary, edited by D. Azibo. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1995.

Chase, Aland. The Legacy of Malthus: The Social Costs of the New Scientific Racism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.

Crick, Bernard. Race: The History of an Idea in the West. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1996.

Cross, W.; Parham, T.; and Helms, J. “Nigrescence Revisited.” In Advances in Black Psychology, edited by R. Jones. Oakland, CA: Cobb and Henry, 1998.

Cruse, Harold. The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual: From Its Origins to the Present. New York: Morrow, 1967.

Diop, C. A. The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality. Westport, CT: Lawrence-Hill and Co. First published 1955, in Paris.

Edwards, Lee. The Power of Ideas: The Heritage Foundation at 25 Years. Ottowa, IL: Jameson Books, Inc.

Erny, P. Childhood and Cosmos. New York: Black Orpheus Press, 1976.

Erny, P. The Child and His Environment in Black Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Fairchild, H. H. “Scientific Racism: The Cloak of Objectivity. In Journal of Social Issues, 47(3), (1991): 101-115.

Fanon, F. Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove, 1967.

Felder, Cain Hope. “Race, Racism and the Biblical Narratives.” In Stony the Road We Trod: African American Biblical Interpretation, edited by Cain Hope Felder, pp. 127-145. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991.

Gould, Stephen J. The Mismeasure of Man. New York: Norton, 1981.

Greene, Eric. Planet of the Apes as American Myth: Race, Politics, and Popular Culture. Hanover: Wesleyan University Press, 1998.

Guthrie, Robert. Even the Rat Was White. New York: Harper and Row, 1998.

Hegel, Georg W. F. The Philosophy of History. New York: Prometheus Books, 1991.

Herrenstein, Richard and Murray, Charles. The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New York: The Free Press, 1994.

Hilliard, Asa G. III; Jenkins, Y.; and Scott, M. Behavioral Criteria in Research and the Study of Racism: Performing the Jackal Function. Technical Reports I and II. (Contract No. N00014-177- C0183). Washington, DC: Office of Naval Research, 1979.

Hilliard, Asa G. III. “Either a Paradigm Shift or No Mental Measurement: The Non-Science and Nonsense of the Bell Curve.” In Psych Discourse. 76 (1995): 10, 6-20.

Hilliard, Asa G. III. Fabrication: The Politics and Sociology of Knowledge in the Study of Ancient Kemet (Egypt) and Greek and Roman World. Presented at Temple University, Symposium on Martin Bernal’s Black Athena, Department of African American Studies and Department of Classics. Philadelphia: Temple University, 1990.

Hilliard, Asa G. III. The Maroon Within Us: Essays on African American Community Socialization. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1995.

Hilliard, Asa G. III. SBA: The Reawakening of the African Mind. Gainesville, Florida: Makare Publishers, 1998.

Hilliard, Asa G. III. “Psychology as Political Science and as a Double-Edged Sword: Racism and Counter-Racism in Psychology.” In Psych Discourse, (May & June 1998) Vol. 29, (5)(6).

Hilliard, Asa G. III. “What Good Is This Thing Called Intelligence and Why Bother to Measure It?” In The Journal of Black Psychology (1994) : 20, 4

Hodge, John L.; Struchmann, Donald K.; and Trost, Lynn Dorland. Cultural Basis of Racism and Group Oppression: An Examination of Traditional “Western” Concepts, Values and Institutional Structures Which Support Racism, Sexism and Elitism. Berkeley: Two Riders Press, 1975.

Huntington, S. P. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Jordan, Winthrop. White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812. W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1968.

Kly, Y. N. International Law and the Black Minority in the U.S. Windsor, Canada: Clarity International, 1990.

Kotkin, Joel. Tribes: How Race, Religion, and Identity Determine Success in the New Global Economy. New York: Random House, 1993.

Leary, Warren E. “Exhibition Examines Scientists’ Complicity in Nazi-Era Atrocities.” The New York Times. Medical Science Section, B-8, Tuesday, November 10, 1992.

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Lieberman, Leonard; Hampton, Raymond E.; Littlefield, Alice; and Hallead, Glen. “Race in Biology and Anthropology: A Study of College Texts and Professors.” Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 29, No. 3: 301-321. The National Association for Research in Science Teaching: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992

Lutz, C. A. and Collins, J. L. Reading National Geographic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Maxwell, Francis John. Slavery and the Catholic Church: The History of Catholic Teaching Concerning the Moral Legitimacy of the Institution of Slavery. Barry Rose Publishers, 1975.

Mills, Charles W. The Racial Contract. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Montague, Ashley. The Concept of Race. London: Cathier Books, 1970.

Montague, Ashley. The Concept of the Primitive. New York: The Free Press, 1968.

Montague, Ashley. Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Moore, Richard B. The Name “Negro”: Its Origin and Evil Use. Baltimore: Black Classic Press. (First published, 1960.)

Muller-Hill. Murderous Science: Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies and Others. Germany 1933 – 1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Nunn, Kenneth B. “Law as a Eurocentric Enterprise.” Law and Inequality Journal of Theory and Practice. IV, 2, Spring, (1997): 323-71.

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Patterson, W. L. We Charge Genocide: The Historic Petition to the United Nations for Relief from a Crime of the United States Government Against the Negro People. New York: International Publishers, 1970.

Poliakov, Leon. The Aryan Myth: A History of Racial and Nationalistic Ideas in Europe. New York: Meridian, 1974.

Quigley, Carrol. The Anglo-American Establishment: From Rhodes to Cliven. New York: Books in Focus, 1981.

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Selden, Steven. “Selective Traditions and the Science Curriculum: Eugenics and Biology Textbook, 1914-1949.” In Science Education. 75(5), (1991): 493-512.

Spindler, George and Spindler, Louise. “Cultural Politics of the White Ethniclass in the Mid-Nineties.” In Ethnic Identity and Power: Cultural Contexts of Political Action in School and Society, edited by Yali Zou and Enrique T. Trueba. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998.

Spivey, Don. Schooling for the New Slavery: Black Industrial Education, 1868-1915. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1978.

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Van Dijk, T. A. Elite Discourse and Racism. Sage Series on Race and Ethnic Relations, vol. 6. London: Sage Publications, 1993.

Wa Thiong’o, Ngugi. Decolonizing the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. London: Heinemann, 1987.

Walker, Samuel; Spohn, Cassia; and DeLonc, Miriam. The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity and Crime in America. New York: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1996.

Weinberg, Meyer. A Chance to Learn: The History of Race and Education in the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Weinreich, Max. Hitler’s Professors: The Part of Scholarship in Germany’s Crimes Against the Jewish People. New York: Yiddish Scientific Institute, 1946.

Welsing, Frances Cress. The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors. Chicago: Third World Press, 1991.

Willhelm, Sidney. Black in White America. Cambridge: Schenkman, 1983.

Willhelm, Sidney. Who Needs the Negro? New York: Anchor, 1971.

Wobogo, V. The Prehistoric Origins of White Racism. San Francisco: Unpublished manuscript, 1995.

Wynter, Sylvia. Do Not Call Us Negroes: How “Multicultural” Textbooks Perpetuate Racism. San Francisco: Aspire, 1992

Yee, A. H. “Ethnicity and Race: Psychological Perspectives.” Educational Psychologist. 18, 1, (1983): 14-24.

Zou, Yali and Trueba, Enrique T. Ethnic Identity and Power: Cultural Contexts of Political Action in School and Society. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998.